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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana
In order to improve the vast difference in the medical facilities and its availability to the general masses of India, the government of India launched the famous Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) in the year 2006. This is set to upgrade the medical facilities in the entire nation and shall also close the huge gap lying in the rural and urban areas of the society.
There are a couple of components in the first phase of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana. Following the lines of AIIMS, a total of 6 institutions would be setup along with the extensive up gradation of 13 government medical colleges.
For the establishment of the medical colleges on the lines of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), the government has finalised 6 states which are: Patna, Bihar, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, Jodhpur, Rajasthan and Rishikesh in Uttaranchal. The total estimated cost for each institution is around INR 840 crores. The choice of the states were done after considering several factors like literacy rate, human development index, population below poverty line along with the per capital income of the state. Also, several indicators of health including population to bed ratio, infant mortality rate and the prevalence rate of serious communicable diseases, etc were also factors in the choice. There would also be a hospital with 966 beds in each institution (for medical college there would be 500, 300 for Speciality/Super Speciality, whereas 100 beds would be to accommodate ICU/Accident trauma, a total of 30 beds would be used to provide Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation while 30 beds shall be for Ayush). There would be a total of 100 seats for the UG medical courses in these institutions whereas the medical colleges would also offer a range of Post Graduation courses in various disciplines. The norms of these courses and colleges shall echo the Medical College Norms of India and shall also be in coherence with the Nursing Council and their norms.
The scheme also plans an extensive upgradation of 13 colleges spread in several states of India. This shall be a huge project and would involve INR 120 crores (INR 20 crores would be offered by the state government while the rest will be sponsored by the central government. The benefited institutes are Government Medical College, Jammu as well as the Medical College in Srinagar which both fall in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Kolkata Medical College, Kolkata (West Bengal), Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad (Gujarat), Government Medical College, Salem (Tamil Nadu), Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore (Karnataka), Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), Ranchi and Grants Medical College and Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Mumba i(Maharashtra).
In the second phase of PMSSY, the Government has approved the setting up of two more AIIMS-like institutions, one each in the States of West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh and upgradation of six medical college institutions namely Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, Government Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh and Pt. B.D. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak. The estimated cost for each AIIMS-like institution is INR 823 crore. For upgradation of medical college institutions, Central Government will contribute INR 125 crore each.
The following shall be upgraded in the third phase: Government Medical College, Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh), Government Medical College, Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh), Government Medical College, Rewa (Madhya Pradesh), Government Medical College, Darbhanga (Bihar), Government Medical College, Kozhikode (Kerala), Vijaynagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary (Karnataka) and Government Medical College, Muzaffarpur (Bihar).