The Unique Identification Authority
Dairy business enterprise scheme
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY)
When the Seventh Five Year Plan came to an end, two initiatives of the Indian Government – NREP (National Rural Employment Program) and RLEGP (Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program) were combined together. This gave rise to the birth of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana which was launched during 1st April 1989.
The main target audience of this plan was the people below poverty line. This plan which works towards its main aim of providing 90 to 100 days of employment to people residing in the rural and most backward areas is the biggest employment generating programmes in the country.
The Panchayat Raj Institutions were given the responsibility of including every single rural area as the beneficiary of the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana. The District Rural Development Authority supported these rural areas financially. The funds for this project were borne primarily by the Central Government (80%) and partly by the State Government (20%). This initiative has been gaining momentum ever since it was launched, as the Central Government has been providing for increased funds for the same, in the annual budgets. Today, the three main areas of this initiative are:
First Stream – This received 75% budget allocations every year and this stream mainly aimed at working towards JRY, Million Wells and Indira Awas Yojna schemes. Out of these, Million Wells scheme got 30% and Indira Awas Yojna got 10% allocation of funds.
Second Stream – This received 20% budget allocations every year and is considered to be quite an intense stream. This stream provided benefits to 120 extremely backward districts.
Third Stream – This received the remaining 5% budget allocations every year and focus on specific innovative schemes like taking control of labor migration, constructing watersheds with drought proofing etc.