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National Rural Livelihood Mission
NRLM or the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) is one of the programmes by the Indian Government that aims at removal of poverty. With aims of creating and increasing opportunities for self employment amongst the villages, the programme has this as its prime aim. The formation of Self Help groups amongst the economically weak to enable them to look at opportunities of self-employment is another aim. The year 1999 saw the unveiling of the Integrated Rural Development Programme and then the Swarnajayanti Grameen Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) that is aimed at increasing the economic standard of the commoners in the village by creating employment. The NRLM is an enhancement of the SGSY and was inaugurated in 2011 and had a budget of $ 5.1 Bln. It is the best scheme of the Rural Development Ministry as well as the top of its kind across the globe. The World Bank has also provided $ 1 Bln towards this cause.
The intention of forming the SGSY had been the formation of the SHG that could help budding entrepreneurs with financial help. However, due the large number of such groups that were formed and the limited funding they received and the lack of leaders who could provide the directions, the scheme was not as successful as it was intended as the lack of support made the scheme lose its value. The error happened in that the government did not think of how to improvise the groups. Each of these SFGs acted in silos and could not contribute to the overall growth of the programme. Though there was financial assistance from banks earlier, they refrained from provided this same support as they were not convinced about the repayment. This has led to almost 4.5 crore rural homes still not being linked to the SHG out of the total of 7 crore homes. However, in some states where these were linked to the other programs reducing poverty, there was remarkable success. Therefore, the alliance was formed between these SHGs so they could work together and with other such groups thereby making them a collectively bigger force that is engaged in fighting poverty.
Mission, Principles & Values
The NRLM is founded on the fundamental policy that the economically weak do have the ability and the need to get out of that category. They have been seen to exhibit extreme commercial skills, which is a prerequisite to improve economic status. They just need the support that will help them enhance their skills and to tread the path of continuous improvisation leaving poverty behind.
The mission of NRLM is to minimize lack of wealth by empowering the poverty stricken to engage in profitable self-employment and skilful everyday wages roles, where their economic status takes a turn for the better.
The poverty stricken is capable and has the need to put an end to their economic problems.
Extreme support systems that are understanding and helpful so they can build up the base systems and at the same time create a enablement methodology.
Increase the opportunities in gaining wisdom, reskilling, monetary support, means to advertise, and then facilities to enhance their life style, which is a one that they can continuously adopt.
The morals that form the basis for all NRLM schemes can be summarized as:
Encompassing the economically weak and providing them a reason to participate in all events.
Holding the groups involved responsible and seeking them to have complete clarity.
Taking control and providing the poverty stricken with ample opportunities – across the phases of planning, execution and observing.
Making the entire group independent and self-sufficient