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Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana

Government of India has taken an initiative by launching Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY). It offers sustainable earnings to poor citizens existing in country’s rural regions. This scheme was started on 1st April 1999.

The SGSY targets at giving self- employ to people in villages by the organization of Self-help assembly. Activity groups are established depending on the skill & talent of the persons which are fostered to their utmost latent. In this scheme finances are given through NGOs, banks & monetary organizations. Since its beginning, more than 2.25 million Self- aid teams have been made with a venture of Rs. 14,403 crores, yielding more than 6.697 million persons.

The Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) was started as a combined scheme for se lf- service of the rural deprived with consequence from first April 1999.

Working of the Scheme

The SGSY was rather planned to give self-employment to village people millions in number. Poor families existing under the scarcity contour were planned into Self- help groups (SHG)s recognized with a combination of government funding & loans from savings banks. The major intend of SHGs was to carry these deprived families over the scarcity line & focus on profits generation by joint attempt. The proposal suggested the organization of action clusters or bunch of villager’s collection jointly depending on their skills & talents. Every activity group worked on a particular activity selected based on the ability and talent of the persons, accessibility of resources & sell potentiality.

The SHGs are supported, maintained & taught by NGOs, CBOs, persons, banks & self-aid promoting organizations. Government- owned District Level Development Agencies (DRDA) & corresponding State governments as well offer training & monetary help. The scheme aims on organizing microenterprises in rural regions. The SHGs made can consists of members varying in number depending on the topography & physical aptitudes of the associates. It goes by 3 stages of making:

Group creation

Capital creation by rotating fund & skill growth &

Implementation of financial action for ability creation.

The SHGs are frequently formed by choosing persons of Below poverty-line (BPL) inventory obtained from Gram sabha in the country. The SHGs are split into several blocks & every block focused on four to five main actions. The SGSY is chiefly run by government- organized DRDAs with aid from local personal organizations, banks & Panchayati raj organizations also.

The Government as well aids village people in advertising their goods by having melas or festivlas, displays, etc during different time.


For small irrigation works, every SHG can have 10-20 persons. For the region of hilly land, deserts & other thinly populated regions or if the SHGs consist of disabled persons, this figure can be limited to members of five only.z