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Adult Education and Skill Development Schemes
The Adult Education and Skill Development Schemes launched by the Indian Government with the support of Department of School Education and Literacy and the Human Resource Development Ministry are aimed at providing the necessary financial aid for adults aged between 15 and 35 years, so that they can improve their literacy levels or get themselves certified in certain courses or vocational degrees which makes them more employable in the job market. It was during 1986 that the Government of India partnered with NGOs and other non-profit concerns to set up schemes for the benefit of adults. The main schemes that were operated by the Government in this category were Jan Shikshan Sansthans and Assistance to Voluntary Agencies in the field of Adult Education. The latter scheme aims at supporting the development of innovative technical and academic courses that will go a long way in the adult education department. The former scheme was designed for the adults who had very basic education or no education at all and aimed at providing them vocational courses for them.
The Indian Government later on decided to combine these two schemes and form a new scheme known as “Scheme of Support to Voluntary Agencies for Adult Education and Skill Development”. Through this, the scheme helped non- government agencies with the necessary aid and support for different projects. This revised and new scheme aims at providing increased financial aid to the needy than its earlier counterparts. The Government launches a new set of rules, regulations and guidelines, whenever a new project comes up. The non-government agency will have to abide by these to get the maximum benefits of that scheme.
The target audience of the scheme is adults aged between 15 and 35 years of age and the Government’s main objective is to involve the voluntary and non-government agencies in this scheme, extensively and intensively. This will enable the government to generate the necessary aid to improve adult education and skill development. The NLM (National Literacy Mission) oversees the performance of these schemes from time to time. The objectives of the scheme and of those of the NLM are given below:
- Getting self-reliant in literacy and numeracy
- Knowing why certain services were denied to them and getting motivated to organize and take part in all kinds of developmental activities to remove the hurdles that denies them the benefits
- Getting proficient with skills that are needed to improve their general living conditions and social status
- Following some of the basic national welfare schemes like small family, women equality, environment protection and realizing the value of national integration