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Digital India Programme

Make in India and Digital India has been the 2 big USPs of Narendra Modi since the day of power assumption. The 1st steps taken were with the MyGov.in portal launch. Just few weeks ago, the mobile app has been launched by Narendra Modi to further connect with the citizens. Since 1 year, many initiatives are taken for the introduction to empower people of Information Technology in the areas relating to commerce, employment, labour, education and health etc. The Digital India week has also been launched having an aim for the people to impart them knowledge and empower themselves through Digital India Programme of Indian Government.

Structure

There are various initiatives of Digital India under each programme targeted to prepare Indians and the country to become an economy having knowledge and to bring good governance to the citizens through co-ordinated and synchronised engagement to entire Government.

The Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) has coordinated and envisaged this programme in collaboration with many Departments/ Central Ministries and also with State Governments. Digital India’s chairman of monitoring committee is the Prime Minister who takes care and monitors the activities undertaken under the initiative of Digital India. All on-going and existing initiatives of e-Governance have been assigned to align all of them with Digital India’s principles.

Vision of Digital India

There is a vision of Digital India programme that aims at the inclusive growth in the areas of job opportunities, manufacturing, products and electronic services etc. There are 3 key areas which include:

  1. Citizens’ Digital Empowerment
  2. Services & Governance on Demand
  3. Digital Infrastructure to each and every citizen as a utility.

The Digital India programme with the vision mentioned above aims to give Universal access to the mobile connectivity, broadband Highways, E-Governance, Public Internet Access Programme and E-governance that is reforming the Government through Technology, Information for all, eKranti – Electronic services delivery, electronics manufacturing that is Target net imports, early harvest programmes and IT for the jobs.

Key Projects of Digital India Programme

There are several products/projects that have been launched already or are ready to get launched as stated below:

  1. Digital Locker System is used to minimize physical documents’ usage and enable e-documents’ sharing across the agencies. The e-documents’ sharing would be done through the registered repositories and hence ensure documents authenticity online.
  2. MyGov.in has got implemented like a platform for the citizen engagement through a “Disseminate”, “Do” and “Discuss” approach in governance. The app for mobile for MyGov will bring all these features for the users on their mobile phones.
  3. Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Government organisations and people would use the mobile app for the achievement of Swachh Bharat Mission’s goals.
  4. eSign framework will allow the citizens to sign digitally online on a document using the authentication of Aadhaar.
  5. The Online Registration System (ORS) has got introduced under the application of eHospital. Important services are provided by this application like enquiring blood online availability, online diagnostic reports, payment of appointment and fees, online registration etc.
  6. National Scholarships Portal is a solution for the complete scholarship process starting from students’ submission of application form, sanction, verification and disbursal to the end beneficiary provided by Indian Government for the scholarships.
  7. An initiative is undertaken by DeitY namely Digitize India Platform (DIP) for the large scale records’ digitization in the country which would help to facilitate services’ efficient delivery to the citizens.
  8. An initiative is undertaken by the Indian Government namely Bharat Net, that is a high speed highway for connecting all 2.5 lakhs of country’s Gram Panchayats digitally. This will be the largest rural connectivity of broadband project of the world using the optical fibre.
  9. Next Generation Network (NGN) has been introduced by BSNL to replace old exchanges of 30 years old which is a technology based of IP to manage all the types of services including video/multimedia, data, voice and other packet types of switched communication services.
  10. A large scale development has been undertaken by BSNL in entire country of Wi-Fi hotspots. Users can latch on BSNL Wi-Fi network using their mobile phones.
  11. In order to deliver services to citizens electronically and also improving the way authorities and citizens transact with one another, there should be ubiquitous connectivity. This need is also realised by the government by including ‘broadband highwayslike Digital India’s pillar. While one criterion is connectivity, the other criterion forms providing and enabling technologies to enable services’ delivery to the citizens.

Policy Initiatives

DeitY has also undertaken policy initiatives in the domain of e-Governance like Application Development and Re-Engineering guidelines for the applications of cloud ready, collaborative application development policy by opening up Government applications source code, policy of IT Resources of Indian Government use, policy of E-mail of Indian Government, policy for Indian Government on Open Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), Framework for the adoption in e-Governance system of Open Source Software, policy for Indian Government on open source software adoption and E-Kranti framework.

  1. The BPO policy is approved for the creation of BPO centres in various North Eastern states along with mofussil/ smaller towns of the other states.
  2. The policy of Electronic Development Fund (EDF) aims in promoting product development, R&D and innovation and the creation of resource pool within Indian of IP to create Venture Funds’ self-sustaining eco-system.
  3. National Centre for Flexible Electronics (NCFlexE) is Indian Government’s initiative to promote innovation and research in the growing flexible electronics areas.
  4. Centre of Excellence on Internet on Things (IoT) is NASSCOM, ERNET and Department of Electronics & Information Technology’s joint initiative.

Impact

By 2019, Digital India’s estimated impact would be very cross cutting and it would range from broadband connectivity in all schools, universities, public Wi-Fi hotspots, panchayats. Large number of Electronics, Telecom and IT jobs would be generated both indirectly and directly. This programme’s success will enable India digital and the leader in IT usage in services delivery related to several domains like banking, agriculture, education and health etc.



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