The Unique Identification Authority
Dairy business enterprise scheme
Integrated Rural Development Program
Launched by the Government of India during 1978 and implemented during 1980, the Integrated Rural Development Program (RDP), aims to improve the living conditions of the poor by providing them employment opportunities and chances to improve their skill set. The group that has been targeted as beneficiaries of this scheme include rural artisans, labourers, marginal farmers and the relevant group of people who are living below the poverty line. Subsidies provided to these people are small farmers (25%), marginal farmers, agricultural labourers and marginal farmers (33.33%), SC/ST families and differently abled people (50%). The maximum amount of subsidy amount has been fixed at 6000INR (for SC/ST families and differently abled people), 4000INR (non DPAP and non DDP localities) and 5000INR (DPAP and DDP localities). Out of this group singled out for receiving benefits from the RDP, SC/ST candidates, women and differently abled people are assured of a sure subsidy of 50%, 40% and 3% respectively. Also among this group, people who are given first priority are those who have been assigned the ceiling surplus land and the Green card holders who fall under the category of free bonded labourers and family welfare programmes.
This is one of the best yojanas to remove problems related to poverty. This scheme aims to provide employment opportunities to the poor and those who are living below poverty line and by offering them the necessary subsidies as well. According to the rules of the 1998 Below Poverty Line Census, people, whose annual income levels were lesser than 20000INR, were classified as BPL families. The Annexure of this census contains details about the individuals and families who fall under this category and who are eligible for getting benefits as per the scheme.
The program was set up mainly to provide self-employment opportunities to the poor and improve their living conditions. As per data collected for the 7th 5-year plan, the total expenses incurred for the implementation of this scheme was around 33.2million INR. Credit worth 53.7million INR was generated for the same. During this period, 13million families were added, bringing the total amount of beneficiaries to 18million. There were many self-improvement and developmental programs included in this scheme, which taught the famers new ways and techniques to improve their agricultural yields. The results were quite obvious as these farmers reported an increase in agricultural produce within a short span of getting trained.
Primary, secondary and tertiary sectors were included in the target groups. Educational programs and financial help in the form of subsidies were provided as part of this scheme to help these poor come beyond their poverty lines and lead a respectable life. This scheme gets equal (50:50) contribution from the Centre and the State Governments. During 1999, this scheme joined hands with the Swarnajayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana.
Though there were many initiatives being taken to improve the conditions of the rural artisans and BPL families, no obvious results were visible. This is when the Government of India decided to launch the Integrated Rural Development Programme, through which, it has brought together all these beneficiaries in a common target group and provides them the necessary self-help programmes. With the help of credit generated from banks and financial institutions, the Government provides subsidies and income-generating opportunities to the rural people, so that they can cross their poverty line and improve their standard of living to a great extent.