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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

The new initiative by the government is directed at providing skilful training to the 24 lakh youth in India. This training includes industry relevant, meaningful and skill based training under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. Upon completion of training under the scheme, the youth is eligible for financial reward as well as the certification by Government, which will help them in getting a job in future.

Objectives

The scheme is aimed at providing encouragement for youth to hone their skills and also provide them with financial rewards. The completion of approved training programmes and the assessment thereafter is compulsory for this. The objectives of the scheme include:

  • Create a database of skills and standardise the procedural aspects in certification processes.

  • To encourage and mobilise the youth in large numbers to develop their skills so that their employability in future is ensured. This also includes enhancing the skill sets of the existing youth by aligned training and certification processes as per needs of the country.

  • Incentivise the youth by way of financial awards and also motivate them by issuing certifications upon completion of trainings.

  • Youth undergoing training through authorised entities will be eligible for reward of Rs 8000/-

  • At an approximate financial outlay of Rs 1500 crores, the 24 lakh Indian youth will get benefitted.

Background

As on date, there are numerous industries which require skilled manpower and large workforce in India do not possess such skills. This effectively leads to the Indian economy falling short of the skills required to get the proposed output due to the poor skill sets of the labour class. While the situation stands like this on one side, on the other side, there is large portion of youth which is ready to undertake skill based training programme and also look for economic and livelihood opportunities. Therefore, developing skills are very important in India today. This will effectively enable the youth to get the better paying jobs, employment opportunities and quality based employment which has a long lasting effect on developing Indian economy. The diversified demography of India will be tapped to its full potential with large database of skilful persons. Going forward, these skilled persons may be provided on international scale to the countries which require skilled manpower in developed countries where the skilled manpower is currently ageing

The Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implements the scheme under the flagship of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) which is aimed at enhancing the skills training. The outcome based skill development training enables the Indian youth to become employable, take up self-employment and earn their own livelihood.

The successfully trained youth who are also assessed on prescribed parameters will be financially rewarded under this scheme. The skill gap requirements between the youth and industry demands are being addressed through the proper implementation of the scheme by mobilising the larger section of youth. A range of sectors are identified for training purposes which will exclusively aim at skill enhancement and quality of the workforce. The existing input based training sessions will be replaced with outcome based training programmes. The training is carried out at faster pace without any adverse impact on quality aspects thereby upgrading the skill training activities in India. The scheme is implemented through the institutional partners set up for the purpose such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), training partners and Assessing agencies.

Key Features

  • Sectorial eligibility, work roles and allocations

  • Skill development training is as per the approved standards of National Occupational Standards in general and Qualification Packs for specific skills with industry bodies like Sector Skills Councils being the formulation partners.

  • The steering committee of PMKVY oversees the demand driven targets which are identified by NSDC with prior consultation of States, Union Territories, respective Central and State Departments.

  • The target youth will be synchronised with other Government programmes like Make in India, Swach Bharat, National Solar Mission and Digital Indi amongst others.

  • Eligible Providers: all the training partners including Government affiliates training partners will undergo a due diligence process as prescribed in the NSDC issued guidelines. These guidelines are approved by the SSCs. Each of the training partners shall be responsible for infrastructure and other aspects of training centres within its franchisee network. The franchisee network is allowed only as first level with prior declaration.

  • Content of the training is improvised with introduction of better curriculum, trained instructors and advanced pedagogy. The trainers are mandated to upgrade the curriculum, technology based pedagogy and also enhance the skills of instructors so as to ensure that the overall skills of the youth in country is upgraded. However, the thrust is laid majorly on the outcomes from third party assessments and certifications on various parameters like soft skills, behavioural skills, and work ethics amongst others.

  • In order to enhance the skills of existing labour workforce, due recognition is also given to personnel undergoing training under this scheme in terms of financial rewards. This is a step to facilitate re-skilling and upgrading the skills of existing workforce so as to promote and shift the existing labour market to an aspired skill trained market.

  • The assessment and certification of youth undergoing training under this scheme is taken up as per the global and national standards as per requirements. Even the youth with pre-existing skills will be assessed on various parameters and financially rewarded appropriately so as to bring about a paradigm shift in upgraded skills sets in India. The focus of the scheme is mainly laid on the sectors where job-roles and skills are most required.

  • Eligible Beneficiaries: The main focus of the scheme is aligned with objectives stated above. The eligibility and applicability criteria are:

  • Skill development training is imparted through eligible trainers in eligible sectors.

  • Within one year of launching the scheme, the certification is issued by approved assessment agencies.

  • The youth is eligible for financial reward only once during operation of the scheme.

  • Such other parameters as may be prescribed for the sectors or job roles by the Sector Skill Councils

  • Monetary Reward

  • Reward amount: the reward amount varies as per the job roles and sectors where training is imparted. While construction, plumbing and infrastructure sectors are eligible for higher rewards, others are not like that. Various factors like training costs, job role levels and willingness of the trainees are considered before fixing the reward amounts.

  • Direct Fund Transfer: under this scheme, the amount of reward is directly credited to the Aadhar linked bank account of the trainee thereby eliminating the middlemen.

  • Evaluation and Monitoring: the scheme is monitored centrally by the Skill Development Management System (SDMS) whereby the database is accessible by all the stakeholders of the scheme. Certified assessors and training centres are monitored for quality by the SSCs apart from certifying the trainers under the scheme. Audit checks and flying squads will also be deputed to ensure better monitoring of the scheme.

  • Consequence Management System: Consequence management system acts like a central grievance redressal system to address speedy disposal of stakeholder grievances in a structured manner. The ladder based CMS for the PMKVY scheme is as follows:

  • All the complaints against the Assessment agencies and training partners is taken by the respective grievance committee to be established by each SSC, which is the first level of CMS.

  • All the unresolved issues or violations in implementation of the scheme from the first level is taken up in second level consisting of the NSDC along with the PMKVY PMU

  • If the issue remains unresolved in first two levels as stated above or for all critical matters the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship acts as the preceding level for the systematic implementation of the scheme.



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