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Janani Suraksha Yojana

Janani Suraksha Yojana is a scheme which was proposed by the Indian Government with an aim to reduce the neo-natal or maternal deaths. The Prime Minister of India launched this scheme on 12th April 2005. The scheme was fully sponsored by the central government. The scheme incorporates cash assistance to the mothers along with free delivery and care after the delivery. The increased number of institutional deliveries among the poor families determined the success of this scheme. ASHA activist played an important role in this scheme. They acted as an inspiring organization to boost the need of institutional deliveries among the women.

Features of Janani Suraksha Yojana

‘Low Performing States (LPS)’ is the term given to the states where the rate of institutional deliveries is very low. These states include Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Assam, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir. Remaining states were termed as ‘High performing states (HPS)’. Following were the cash benefits given to them

Rural Areas


Category Mother's package ASHA's package Total Package(in Rs.)
LPS 1400 600 2000
HPS 700 - 700 

Urban Areas


Category Mother's package ASHA's package Total Package(in Rs.)
LPS 1000 200 1200
HPS 600 - 600 

Eligibility criteria

  1. Pregnant women should be Below Poverty Line (BPL).
  2. Women above 18 years of age were included.
  3. Pregnant women belonging to SC and ST category.
  4. The cash assistance was allowed only up to two live births.
  5. The payment has to be done for births before or between live births.